<![CDATA[ayrshirek9.co.uk - Blog]]>Sat, 02 Mar 2024 03:40:47 -0800Weebly<![CDATA[And they call it puppy love....]]>Wed, 14 Feb 2024 13:08:55 GMThttp://ayrshirek9.co.uk/blog/and-they-call-it-puppy-lovePicture
LOVE FOR YOUR DOG THIS VALENTINE'S DAY    

We are undoubtedly a nation of dog lovers.
There is nothing better than snuggling on the sofa having a cuddle and some special time with your dog.
But did you know, this also has a positive impact on the overall bond you create with them, thanks to the LOVE HORMONE _ OXYTOCIN.
Oxytocin is a hormone which, when released strengthens empathy, trust and builds relationships.
It is well documented that mothers gazing at their newborn babies increases the levels of oxytocin for both of them, deepening the mother/baby bond.
The same is true for our dogs.

​By gazing in to our dog's eyes, having a cuddle, gentle touch or stroking, or even just smiling at them or being in close proximity, we increase the levels of oxytocin in each of us, deepening the bond and creating a positive emotional status.
(CAVEAT - eye contact and touch should always be on your dog's terms!!)

The warmth and gentle pressure of touch has been shown to increase oxytocin levels, lowering blood pressure, decreasing anxiety and de stressing. It is also mutually beneficial as it has the same effect on the human offering the touch as well as the dog receiving it.
This is just one of the additional benefits of clinical canine massage therapy on top of rehabilitating soft tissue injuries, assisting with pain management and keeping them in generally good physical shape.

SO CUDDLE  WITH YOUR DOG THIS VALENTINE'S DAY AND DEEPEN THAT AMAZING BOND 


If you think that your dog would benefit from clinical canine massage therapy, please get in touch - cat@ayrshirek9.co.uk
OR if you would like to learn how to effectively and safely give your own dog a relaxing massage, visit www.k9-massageguild.co.uk and have a look for your nearest 1 day workshop


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<![CDATA[DOGS and fireworks - why they may actually cause your dog pain]]>Wed, 27 Oct 2021 08:24:59 GMThttp://ayrshirek9.co.uk/blog/dogs-and-fireworks-why-they-may-actually-cause-your-dog-pain
As fireworks season is almost upon us, many of us dread the reaction our dogs are going to have - turning in to a fearful, quivering wreck, hiding themselves away, and becoming hypervigilant as they are unable to predict when the next loud bang or whoosh is going to happen next. Sadly, fireworks night is no longer just one night of the year but can go on for weeks, causing prolonged periods of anxiety and stress for our pets.
SO why do dogs hate fireworks so much?

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HEARING - DOG VERSUS HUMAN

It is well known that dogs have much more sensitive hearing than humans
The dog's ear has 18 muscles compared to just 6 in the human ear.
Dogs can move, tilt and rotate their ears in ways that are impossible for humans
​The shape and position of some dogs' ears allows them to hear much more clearly and acutely - humans ears are pretty much fixed!

While humans can detect sounds up to about 20kHz, dogs can hear much higher frequencies - up to about 50kHz - those high pitched firework whooshes will be louder, and be audible to dogs much sooner than to a human.

It is thought that dogs can hear sounds four times further away than humans. So, although we may not hear the noise of our neighbour's fireworks half a mile away, it is likely our dogs can.

Dogs can also differentiate sounds better than humans. This is why they can recognise the sound of your exact car before you are even in the driveway, or why they do not react to noises on the television in the same way as they would in real life.

Dogs can often appear to become more sensitive to noise as they age. While as puppies, nothing seems to worry them, year on year, they get more anxious when presented with loud and unexpected noise.

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NOISE SENSITIVITY AND PAIN

It is common that as humans, our fears and phobias increase as we get older. I know as a teenager I was not scared of heights, but now even the down escalator in a department store can send me in to a panic!! A lot of this is due to life experience and fear of our own health, wellbeing and our fear of PAIN!! Dogs are emotional beings too and feel just the same as we do.

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​A study published in 2018 by animal scientists in Brazil and the University of Lincoln, looked at the possible correlation between noise sensitivity and pain (or the fear of pain) in dogs.
They looked at two groups of dogs who had both been referred due to noise sensitivity. One group had also been diagnosed with musculoskeletal pain, while the other control group showed no clinical signs of pain.
The interesting findings were that the dogs who had been diagnosed with pain, developed noise sensitivity at a later age (approximately four years later than the control group). The pain diagnosed dogs, also tended to generalise their fear of loud noises so that they either completely avoided the area where they had been exposed to the noise, or tried to completely avoid any new situation or environment as a result of a fear of pain.

The authors suggest that :
  • older dogs are more likely to suffer from pain, explaining the later onset of noise sensitivity in the pain diagnosed group
  • dogs being startled by an unexpected or scary noise will tense their body, increasing the intensity of existing pain.
  • the shivering and anxiety which accompanies pain or the fear of pain would exacerbate tension and chronic pain
  • quick or sudden movements made to try and escape unexpected loud noises would exacerbate pain
It is easy to see how a prolonged period of unpredictable and unexplained loud noises could cause a dog already suffering from pain to descend in to a state of anxiety, fear and tension, causing confusion along with an amplification of their pain.

HOW CLINICAL CANINE MASSAGE CAN HELP

Clinical canine massage can help your dog who is stressed or suffering with chronic pain or exacerbated pain as a result of noise sensitivity by :
  • Reducing tension in the muscles
  • Addressing areas of overcompensation which have accrued due to holding patterns of tension 
  • Directly address Trigger Points (knots) that have developed as a result of muscle splinting or muscle tension, which reduces the blood flow required for healthy muscular function
  • Stimulate the circulatory system to provide a flow of oxygen rich blood through the body and removing toxins
  • Resolve adhesions in the fascia which can easily develop when the dog is stressed for a period of time, or is suffering from emotional trauma
  • Stimulate the Parasympathetic Nervous System to reduce stress and restore homeostasis to the body's systems.
If you would like to discuss your dog's mobility issues to see if they may benefit from clinical canine massage, please get in touch : cat@ayrshirek9.co.uk.
​Or find us on Facebook.
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<![CDATA[HAIR OF THE DOG]]>Wed, 20 Oct 2021 13:58:14 GMThttp://ayrshirek9.co.uk/blog/hair-of-the-dog OR THE SECRETS OF YOUR DOG'S COAT

We all love to see our dogs' coats shiny and healthy looking. Some of us spend a small fortune on professional grooming or grooming products to keep our dogs clean and free of knots and tangles.
But our dog's coat is not just about making them look pretty or handsome. It serves many important roles in maintaining the welfare of the dog, as well as giving us tell tale signs that something may not be quite right.

So, what important roles does the dogs' coat play in their overall wellbeing?

DEFENCE
The dog's coat and skin are his first line of defence against external irritants.
The sebaceous glands contained in the skin secrete sebum in to the dog's coat, keeping it nice and shiny. Sebum, however, also has antimicrobial properties which help protect against infection.
The coat and skin also provide a waterproof and UV barrier.

TEMPERATURE CONTROL
Our dogs' fur coats of course keep them warm during the unpredictable UK weather, BUT, they can also keep them cool and assist with thermoregulation.
The arrector pili muscle within the dog's skin, responds involuntarily to external stimuli such as temperature. When the muscle contracts, the dog's hairs stand on end, either trapping heat within, or allowing cool air to circulate.

COMMUNICATION
The arrector pili muscle also reacts involuntarily, via the sympathetic nervous system, when the dog senses danger - this is when you may see your dogs' hackles raised. It is therefore one of the ways the dog communicates with his human or to other dogs that they feel anxious or scared.

OVERALL HEALTH
A dry or dull coat is one of the first easily visible indicators that something may not be quite right with your dog. Poor coat condition may indicate a reduced blood flow to the skin which can be associated with cardiovascular issues.
Diseases connected to the endocrinal system (hormones), such as Hypothyroidism or Cushing's Disease can cause unexplained alopecia in dogs.
A sudden reluctance to be groomed is also a good behavioural indicator that there may be an underlying issue.

MUSCULAR HEALTH
One of the revelations to me whilst training to become a Clinical Canine Massage Practitioner was how the shape and direction of your dog's coat can indicate underlying soft tissue dysfunction, and I freely admit nowadays to being a "dog coat geek"!
When a muscle is tight, it pulls on the surrounding fascia (the connective tissue which surrounds and connects everything in the body) and the skin, changing the angle of the hairs which grow out of the hair follicles contained within the skin. This can cause coat flicks, changes in direction of the coat pattern, changes in colour, flattened areas, or dry, coarse texture, as the tight muscle and surrounding tissues restrict the blood flow to the skin.
Often, coat patterns change and mirror the shape of the underlying muscle, giving a clear indication that there is dysfunction in that area.
A common pattern change that is seen is over the dog's Trapezius muscle. This kite shaped muscle extends from the dog's neck and on to both the scapula (shoulder blade) and the middle of the dog's spine. It is essential for forelimb movement and stabilising the shoulder. The pictures below show this kite shape pattern mirrored in the coat direction.
Tilly, the dog below presented with forelimb lameness and after diagnosis of Osteoarthritis in both elbows, came to me for clinical canine massage therapy. After 3 sessions, her lameness had disappeared and she was much happier and more agile on her walks. Tilly's mum contacted me again when the lameness recurred. I immediately noticed a significant coat change in between her shoulder blades, On further discussion, it transpired that Tilly had also been taking herself off and not interacting with the other two dogs in the household as normal, so we resumed with massage therapy. The pictures below show the difference in Tilly from before, to during and after a further 3 sessions.

The picture below shows Timmy, a border collie. You can see the coat flicks and subtle colour changes to his coat behind his shoulder and upper forelimb.
 (Timmy loves nothing more than to chase a ball and this repetitive type of activity can put undue stress on the muscles of the shoulders and forelimbs, as the dog runs, skids, twists and turns in euphoric glee. Here, trigger points and myofascial pain (pain associated with the muscles and surrounding fascia) associated with these have accrued in the muscles attaching his shoulder to his forelimb and spine.

This last set of pictures are of my own dog Ziggy. She is a border collie and has some anxiety issues at times. On her latest trip to the groomer, she panicked on being confronted with the hairdryer. This resulted in her scrambling and sliding while restrained on the slippy surface of the raised grooming table, with her hindlimbs at one point falling off the end as she tried to back out of the situation.
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 Ziggy ended up with multiple strains along her Longissimus Dorsi which is one of the long muscles which supports the dog's spine, as well as myofascial pain and Trigger Points over her thoracic region (trunk).
Thankfully after some recuperation and controlled exercise, as well as several sessions of clinical canine massage therapy, we have massively improved her muscle tone and returned to normal fluid movement, which can be seen reflected in the change to her coat pattern.

As K9 Massage Guild Therapists, we look at the whole body and not just the areas of concern that may have been highlighted by the dog's guardian or veterinarian. Understanding the whole body allows us to identify areas of overcompensation, and address these before they also become susceptible to injury due to overuse or misuse. Looking at gait and posture, as well as more subtle changes such as coat patterns or changes, and nail wear, allows us to assemble a bigger picture of what is going on.



SO
The next time you look at your dog's coat, remember it is not a fashion statement! Yes it gives them their look and individuality, but it is so much more than just a fur coat!!


If you think your dog would benefit from Clinical Canine Massage, please get in touch for an initial discussion : cat@ayrshirek9.co.uk

Thank you to my lovely human clients for allowing me to use their dogs' pictures in this blog and to Emma Butler for allowing me to use the photo of her gorgeous Kestrel.

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<![CDATA[Your dog's best friend?]]>Thu, 26 Aug 2021 18:56:59 GMThttp://ayrshirek9.co.uk/blog/your-dogs-best-friendPicture

What is round and yellow and flies through the air?

No it's not a newly discovered exotic bird but your dog's best friend (or is it?) ----
It's the tennis ball!   


​We have all done it - I sometimes still do. We love to see our dogs happy and running free, and let's face it, after a long day at work, distractedly throwing a ball while catching up on messages, it kills two birds with one stone - right?


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Why Do Dogs Love To Chase A Ball?

We all know that dogs are descended from wolves, and although our modern dogs look and behave quite differently from their ancestors, their genetic makeup is very similar and they still retain the natural instinct to hunt prey. Instead of preying on other animals for food, however, balls have replaced this innate desire to chase and catch something.
In the wild, however, wolves, and indeed feral dogs, will work in groups to bring down their prey, with each member of the group having a role to play in the hunt. Once the prey is caught, they will feed and then rest. When we throw a ball continuously for our dogs, there is rarely a rest period, and dogs will run and chase until they are fit to burst. This fatigues them and their body. Is this really good for them? What does it do to them - especially when we use ball launchers?


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What Happens In The Body?

The dog's hindlimbs are built to provide drive and propel the dog forward. Typically, they carry 40% of the dog's weight.
The dog's forelimbs are built to brake, steer and shock absorb. Typically they carry 60% of the dog's weight. The dog's forelimbs are attached to the rest of the body by muscular and soft tissue attachment only, as the dog has no collar bone, so when the dog brakes, it is the muscles which bear the brunt of the force as they are supporting most of the dog's weight.
When we throw a ball for our dogs, we ask them to accelerate quickly from a standing position, eventually braking quickly, often skidding on the ground, jumping and arching when the ball bounces, turning awkwardly when the ball unexpectedly changes direction. All of these actions place increased pressure and concussive forces on the dog's joints, soft tissues and muscles.

Braking hard places immense pressure on the muscles of the shoulders. The hind limbs are not designed for braking and often slide right underneath the dog as the front end comes to a sudden stop. When a dog jumps high to catch a ball, they land hard on their back legs, sending concussive forces throughout the legs and spine. Take all this and then add to it, the increased speed and forces reached when using a ball launcher, as well as the fact that quite often our dogs are not warmed up before starting the game, but are fresh out of the car.


What Happens In The Brain?

Dogs live in and for the moment. When they are excited, the brain signals the release of endorphins and hormones which include adrenaline, dopamine, serotonin and cortisol. These hormones serve to provide the body with the fuel and systems they need to move quickly and chase that ball, as well as making your dog feel good. They also act as a natural pain killer, so while the body is flooded with feel good hormones, they do not feel pain and can continue the game.
This is all good at the time, but prolonged release of adrenaline and cortisol can have long term negative effects on your dog's body, leading to cardiovascular and immune system deficiencies. Cortisol, especially, can remain in your dog's system for a long while, and when exciting activities are continuously offered to your dog, levels may never return completely to normal, leaving your dog in a permanent state of excitement, arousal and alertness. This can further lead to behavioural issues including lack of impulse control and heightened stress reactions.

The Ball Is In Your Court
Since dogs live in the moment, they are unable to correlate that the half hour game of chasing ball at lunchtime is what has led them to feel sore and stiff a few hours later. Dogs will rarely lie down and tell you they have had enough of playing their favourite game. It is up to us as dog guardians to monitor our dogs' exercise routines and to change them about to provide the variety and excitement they deserve, without the franticness of constantly chasing a ball. There are so many other fulfilling activities we can do, such as scentwork, sensory walks, or low impact sports such as Hoopers. Dogs use their immense sense of smell to explore their environment, and it uses much more brain power and energy than physical activity. We don't want to be the fun police - a ball has a time and a place. I have a collie who would happily chase a ball all day. She does still get some ball time, but I throw it towards her or roll it along the ground to minimise the risks while still giving her the pleasure. JUST BE MINDFUL AND DITCH THE BALL LAUNCHER!!

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Ball Chasing and Cruciate Ligament Injury

The cruciate ligament is in the dog's stifle joint (knee) and is what holds the knee together and connects the bones of the leg. When it becomes damaged, it renders the knee unstable and painful.




​According to the PDSA :

The most common way for a dog to damage a cruciate ligament is by jumping, skidding, twisting or turning awkwardly
What could possibly cause a dog to do this?!!

Cruciate ligament damage in dogs usually occurs due to wear and tear over time. The dog who is continuously chasing a ball will quickly accrue micro tears in the tissue, and is quite likely to tear or completely rupture the ligaments in one or both knees. I have known many dogs who have required surgery to repair cruciate ligament damage before the age of 3, and the common denominator in most of these cases was that they were avid ball chasers. Sadly, cruciate damage will inevitably lead to the onset of arthritis in the knee joints, which cannot be reversed. On top of all this, be aware that many pet insurance policies will only partially cover, or in some cases, exclude completely, cruciate repairs for dogs over a certain age. That fun dog walk could end up being an expensive one!!
How Clinical Canine Massage Can Help

Clinical Canine Massage is an effective therapy to help dogs who are recovering from surgery for cruciate repair. Massage can effectively :
  • Assist with pain management
  • Reduce swelling
  • Address areas of overcompensation that have developed due to adapted gait - especially in the unaffected hind limb and in the dog's front assembly as they shift weight forward to avoid putting weight on their hind legs
  • Speed up the overall recovery process
  • Rebuild strength in muscles of the affected limb which have been underused due to cage rest or a limited exercise regime during recovery
  • Restore normal weight distribution and full range of motion

If you think we may be able to help your dog recover from cruciate ligament damage or surgery, or any other orthopaedic condition or mobility issue, please get in touch for an initial consultation.

​www.ayrshirek9.co.uk
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<![CDATA[10 Ways clinical canine massage can help your arthritic dog]]>Sun, 22 Aug 2021 13:42:06 GMThttp://ayrshirek9.co.uk/blog/10-ways-clinical-canine-massage-can-help-your-arthritic-dogCatherine Johnston
Ayrshire Canine Clinical Massage

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FIRST SOME FACTS
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative and debilitating disease which affects us humans and dogs alike.
It is a complex disease, for which there is no cure, and leads to chronic pain in sufferers.
Did you know that recent research estimates that over 1.2 million dogs in the UK have some form of arthritis, and that 20% of dogs over the age of 1 and a staggering 80% of dogs over the age of 8, are thought to suffer from this disease.
Arthritis develops when the cartilage which protects and cushions a joint becomes damaged either due to wear and tear or as a result of an orthopaedic condition or injury. While the disease usually starts in one joint, over time it will affect the whole body, biomechanically and psychologically. It leads to inflammation, nerve irritation, bone remodelling, loss of mobility, changes in behaviour and mood, and ultimately a decline in the dog's quality of life.    

Unlike humans, dogs move around on four limbs and become very adept at adapting their posture and movement patterns to minimise using a painful joint. They cope well until they have run out of options and start to visibly show the signs of pain, such as limping or yelping. According to Dr Steven Fox and Professor Daniel Mills, eminent researchers in canine arthritis and pain management :

Most canine patients do not vocalise from their pain from arthritis, and many pet owners do not believe their pet is in pain if they do not vocalise
THE GOOD NEWS

As pet guardians, we can look for the more subtle signs and changes in our dogs' behaviour which may indicate they are in discomfort. The 5 Principles of Pain from the Canine Massage Guild is an excellent resource to help us assess our dogs in this way. You can download your copy by visiting this page : The 5 Principles of Pain - Canine Massage Guild (k9-massageguild.co.uk)

Recently published research as a result of the world's first clinical trials in to the efficacy of Clinical Canine Massage in conjunction with the Canine Massage Therapy Centre and the University of Winchester showed a significant reduction in pain severity after canine massage.
Clinical Canine Massage is a safe, non invasive and proven effective therapy to assist in the pain management of dogs suffering from arthritis.
HOW CAN CLINICAL CANINE MASSAGE HELP?
  1. Reduces tension in muscles which have splinted - essentially they stiffen around the arthritic joint in order to protect it, and to minimise further use, pain and joint degradation.
  2. Addresses areas of overcompensation which have developed due to adapted posture and movement patterns. Clinical massage helps to keep these muscles supple and reduces the risk of secondary damage or injury in these areas.
  3. Promotes circulation of blood throughout the body sending fresh, oxygen rich blood to muscles and soft tissues, as well as removing toxins from them. This optimises muscular function and speeds up the healing process.
  4. Reduces inflammation caused by arthritic flare ups. Inflammation is a chemical process which increases pain and pain perception and can irritate surrounding nerves and tissues, further contributing to pain levels.
  5. Improves joint range of motion and flexibility by addressing fascial restrictions throughout the body. Fascia is the body's 3D cobweb like structure which surround and connects every single component within the body. When fascia is restricted, so too are soft tissues and muscles and they are unable to move freely and create fluid movement. Over time, this leads to tissues becoming adhered, reducing mobility and causing pain.
  6. Addresses Trigger Points (knots) which have developed in muscle and soft tissue as a result of underuse, overuse or misuse. Trigger Points lead to muscles which cannot fully contract or relax, and the range of motion in the associated joint is compromised.
  7. Promotes the generation of synovial fluid within the joint capsule which helps to lubricate, cushion and facilitate movement of the joint.
  8. Improves overall mobility levels. This leads to increased activity, helping the body's metabolism and weight management. Weight gain due to inactivity puts additional pressure on already dysfunctional joints, and will lead to further damage.
  9. Restores strength to muscles that have atrophied (lost muscle mass) as a result of prolonged underuse and inactivity
  10. Stimulates the nervous system to release endorphins which are the body's natural pain killers and which improve overall mood and demeanour.
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CASE STUDY - MILLIE

Millie is a 10 year old Labrador who has sever Osteoarthritis in both elbows and mild OA in both hips and knees. Poor Millie had run out of ways to adjust her weight and posture to make moving a bit easier for her. Her owners had thought she was just getting lazier, but were keen to see if Clinical Canine Massage could help.
Millie was not keen, initially on being touched, as she was in a lot of discomfort throughout her body. Through patience and allowing her a lot of breaks during the course of her treatments, I did manage to make some breakthroughs and Millie's owners were delighted to see the difference in her mobility in the days following her massage sessions - she was less stiff, more keen to go for walks, and was more cheerful in herself. I am so pleased that Millie will be continuing with her massage treatments and look forward to helping her improve even more. We don't expect her to be climbing Ben Nevis any time soon, but even the slightest bit of relief can make a mountain of a difference to the dog's quality of life.
Improving your dog's mobility creates a happier, more active dog. The human-canine bond is strengthened as you can enjoy doing activities together again, and after all, as dog guardians, we all want our dogs to take part in our family's lives.

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<![CDATA[August 11th, 2021]]>Wed, 11 Aug 2021 09:16:03 GMThttp://ayrshirek9.co.uk/blog/august-11th-2021